Reward system activation in schizophrenic patients switched from typical neuroleptics to olanzapine

Florian Schlagenhauf, Georg Juckel, Michael Koslowski, Thorsten Kahnt, Brian Knutson, Theresa Dembler, Thorsten Kienast, Jürgen Gallinat, Jana Wrase, Andreas Heinz*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

159 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rationale: High blockade of dopamine D2 receptors in the ventral striatum including the nucleus accumbens may interfere with reward anticipation and cause secondary negative symptoms such as apathy or anhedonia. This may not be the case with newer neuroleptics such as olanzapine, which show less dopamine D2 receptor blockade and a faster off-rate from the receptor. Objectives: We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to assess the blood oxygenation level dependent response in the ventral striatum of schizophrenics medicated with typical neuroleptics (T1) and after switching them to olanzapine (T2) and of healthy control subjects at corresponding time points during reward anticipation. Materials and methods: Ten schizophrenics, while medicated with typical neuroleptics (T1) and after having been switched to olanzapine (T2), and ten matched healthy volunteers participated in a monetary incentive delay task, in which visual cues predicted that a rapid response to a subsequent target stimulus would either result in monetary gain or have no consequence. Results: During reward anticipation, healthy volunteers showed significantly higher ventral striatal activation compared to schizophrenic patients treated with typical neuroleptics but not olanzapine, which was reflected in a significant interaction between group and session. In patients treated with typical neuroleptics, but not with olanzapine, decreased left ventral striatal activation was correlated with negative symptoms. Conclusions: Failure to activate the ventral striatum during reward anticipation was pharmacologically state-dependent and observed only in patients treated with typical neuroleptics but not with olanzapine, which may indicate that this drug did not induce secondary negative symptoms via interference with reward anticipation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)673-684
Number of pages12
JournalPsychopharmacology
Volume196
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2008

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Accumbens
  • Antipsychotic agents
  • Basal ganglia
  • Functional magnetic resonance imaging
  • Motivation
  • Reward
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Schlagenhauf, F., Juckel, G., Koslowski, M., Kahnt, T., Knutson, B., Dembler, T., ... Heinz, A. (2008). Reward system activation in schizophrenic patients switched from typical neuroleptics to olanzapine. Psychopharmacology, 196(4), 673-684. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00213-007-1016-4