A single-site, rhodium(I) catecholate containing porous organic polymer was prepared and utilized as an active catalyst for the hydrogenation of olefins in both liquid-phase and gas-phase reactors. Liquid-phase, batch hydrogenation reactions at 50 psi and ambient temperatures result in the formation of rhodium metal nanoparticles supported within the polymer framework. Surprisingly, the Rh(I) complex is catalytically active and stable for propene hydrogenation at ambient temperatures under gas-phase conditions, where reduction of the Rh(I) centers to Rh(0) nanoparticles requires at least 200-250 °C under a flow of hydrogen gas. After high-temperature treatment, the Rh(0) nanoparticles are active arene hydrogenation catalysts that convert toluene to methylcyclohexadiene at a rate of 9.3 × 10-3 mol g-1 h-1 of rhodium metal at room temperature. Conversely, single-site Rh(I) is an active and stable catalyst for the hydrogenation of propylene (but not toluene) under gas-phase conditions at room temperature.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry