Quantification of right ventricular function is difficult, but important, in patients with single ventricles. Tissue motion annular displacement (TMAD) is an echocardiographic tool that measures displacement of the tricuspid valve relative to the apex. We evaluated TMAD, lateral annular displacement (LAD), and fractional area change (FAC) for correlation with outcomes. We measured TMAD, LAD, FAC, and other variables that may affect prognosis in patients with single right ventricle physiology pre- and post-Stage I palliation and correlated them with outcomes up to the Glenn procedure. Intra- and inter-observer variability for TMAD measurements were 2.7% (1.2–3.5%) and 6.1% (3.3–8.1%), respectively. Sixty-six subjects met the inclusion criteria. Pre-Stage I TMAD was 13.7% (SD 3.9%). TMAD had a linear relationship with FAC (r2 = 0.76). There was a correlation between TMAD and hospital stay (p = 0.044) and ECMO/arrest (p = 0.024). LAD correlated with ECMO/arrest (p = 0.045) and mortality/transplant (p = 0.049). FAC correlated with in-hospital mortality (p = 0.028). Post-Stage I TMAD was 11.8% (SD 3.7%). TMAD, LAD, and FAC all correlated with in-hospital mortality and mortality/transplant. In multivariate models, TMAD was independently predictive of weight for age Z score pre-Glenn. TMAD, FAC, and LAD correlate with clinically significant outcomes after the first-stage palliation. TMAD correlated with more outcomes than FAC and was the only measure that was independently predictive of any outcome. TMAD is a reproducible measure of RV function in this population. TMAD has prognostic value before and after first-stage palliation and may outperform more traditional measures.
- Fractional area change
- RV function
- Single ventricle
- Tricuspid motion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine