The synthesis of "rim-differentiated" C5-symmetric pillararenes, whose two rims are decorated with different chemical functionalities, has remained a challenging task. This is due to the inherent statistical nature of the cyclization of 1,4-disubstituted alkoxybenzenes with different substituents, which leads to four constitutional isomers with only 1/16th being rim-differentiated. Herein, we report a "preoriented" synthetic protocol based on FeCl3-catalyzed cyclization of asymmetrically substituted 2,5-dialkoxybenzyl alcohols. This yields an unprecedented 55% selectivity of the C5-symmetric tiara-like pillararene isomer among four constitutional isomers. Based on this new method, a series of functionalizable tiara-pillararene derivatives with C5-symmetry was successfully synthesized, isolated, and fully characterized in the solid state.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry