Risk and protective factors of posttraumatic stress disorder among African American women living with HIV

Eaden Andu, Brad H. Wagenaar, Chris G. Kemp, Paul E. Nevin, Jane M. Simoni, Michele Andrasik, Susan E. Cohn, Audrey L. French, Deepa Rao*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


We sought to examine risk and protective factors for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among African American women living with HIV. This is a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized trial of an HIV stigma reduction intervention. We examined data from two-hundred and thirty-nine African American women living with HIV. We examined whether age, marital status, level of education, internalized HIV-related stigma, and social support as potential protective and risk factors for PTSD symptoms using logistic regression. We analyzed bi-variate associations between each variable and PTSD symptoms, and constructed a multivariate logistic regression model adjusting for all variables. We found 67% reported clinically significant PTSD symptoms at baseline. Our results suggest that age, education, and internalized stigma were found to be associated with PTSD symptoms (p < 0.001), with older age and more education as protective factors and stigma as a risk factor for PTSD. Therefore, understanding this relationship may help improve assessment and treatment through evidence-based and trauma-informed strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1393-1399
Number of pages7
JournalAIDS Care - Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV
Issue number11
StatePublished - Apr 27 2018


  • HIV
  • PTSD
  • Protective factors
  • Risk factors
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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