Risk Factors and Outcomes From All-Terrain Vehicle Injuries Compared With Motor Vehicle Collisions in Children

Sriram Ramgopal*, Natan Cramer, Barbara A. Gaines, Kavitha A. Conti

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We compared risk factors and outcomes of children injured from all-terrain vehicle (ATV) injuries to those injured from motor vehicle collisions (MVC). We reviewed records of patients ≤18 years of age admitted to a trauma center with ATV- or MVC-related injuries between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2015. Demographics were compared using logistic regression. Rates of injuries were compared using χ2 tests. Of 6293 patients, 1140 (18%) ATV and 5153 (82%) MVC events were identified. In multivariable analysis (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 95% confidence interval [CI]), patients with ATV-related injuries occurred more at older age (≥12 years; aOR = 4.29, 95% CI = 3.20-5.77), in rural counties (aOR = 3.72, 95% CI = 2.62-5.28), in regions with lower median household income (aOR = 1.37, 95% CI = 1.03-1.83), and in the spring (aOR = 2.44, 95% CI = 1.87-3.18), and summer (aOR = 2.50, 95% CI = 1.93-3.25) compared with winter. ATV-related injuries occurred less frequently among females (aOR = 0.76, 95% CI = 0.65-0.89). Upper extremity injuries were associated with ATV-related injuries (P ≤.001). Findings may facilitate identification of at-risk groups for targeted interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1255-1261
Number of pages7
JournalClinical pediatrics
Volume58
Issue number11-12
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019

Keywords

  • ATV
  • MVA
  • MVC
  • all-terrain vehicle
  • motor vehicle accident
  • motor vehicle collision
  • risk factor assessment
  • rural

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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