Risk factors for complications following decompression of non-traumatic compartment syndrome

Robert A. Christian*, Matthew J. Hartwell, Kenneth Y. Lee, Richard W. Nicolay, Daniel J. Johnson, Ryan S. Selley, Michael A. Terry, Vehniah K. Tjong

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Purpose: To investigate the rate of and risk factors for complications following non-traumatic compartment syndrome decompression. Methods: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database was queried from 2006 to 2016 for non-traumatic compartment syndrome diagnosis codes. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify risk factors for 30-day complications and hospital readmissions. Results: Overall complication, major complication, minor complication, and hospital readmission rates were 4.5%, 2.5%, 2.3%, and 2.0%, respectively. Active smoking was identified as a risk factor for post-operative complication (95%CI 1.19–9.24). Conclusion: The complication profile of non-traumatic compartment syndrome decompression is higher than that of traditional elective orthopaedic surgery. Level of evidence: IV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)386-389
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Orthopaedics
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019


  • Atraumatic
  • Compartment syndrome
  • Exertional
  • Fasciotomy
  • Non-traumatic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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