Background: The objective of this study is to evaluate the hormone profile of young men with the chief complaint of erectile dysfunction (ED) and determine the comorbidities in this population. Methods: A retrospective chart review of men aged 18 to 40 years who presented with ED and had a hormone evaluation but without prior medication for hormone manipulation from 2002 to 2016 was performed at a tertiary care institution. Data were obtained on demographics, comorbidities, medications, and hormonal evaluations. Results: A total of 2292 men with ED were identified and 2130 of them received testosterone level evaluation. The most common comorbidities that men were actively being treated for were depression (22.3%), anxiety (16.1%), hypertension (15.6%), diabetes (7.2%), cancer (6.2%), and cardiovascular disease (3.3%). The average total testosterone level was 368 ± 160 ng/dL; 10.7% of men had hypogonadism. Multivariate analysis demonstrated age, body mass index (BMI), depression, and cancer predicted a hypogonadal status. Patients with BMI > 28.2 kg/m2, age > 34 years, cancer diagnosis, or depression were 3.350-fold, 1.447-fold, 2.317-fold, or 1.420-fold more likely to be diagnosed hypogonadal than nonoverweight, age ≤ 34 years, noncancer, or nondepressive patients. Conclusion: The majority of men under the age of 40 with ED exhibit a normal hormonal milieu. Young ED men with BMI > 28.2 kg/m2, age >34 years, cancer diagnosis, or depression are at risk for hypogonadism.
- Erectile dysfunction
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