Risk Factors, Prevention and Early Detection of Prostate Cancer

Stacy Loeb*, Edward M. Schaeffer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Approximately one in six men in the United States will develop prostate cancer during their lifetime. Genetic and environmental variables play a role in determining prostate cancer risk. This article highlights the latest evidence regarding the risk factors for prostate cancer. The current screening strategies using prostate-specific antigen and digital rectal examination are also discussed, as well as the limitations of these protocols and potential methods for improving early detection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)603-621
Number of pages19
JournalPrimary Care - Clinics in Office Practice
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2009


  • Prevention
  • Prostate cancer
  • Prostate-specific antigen
  • Risk factors
  • Screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)


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