Risk of postoperative mesh exposure following sacrocolpopexy with supracervical versus total concomitant laparoscopic hysterectomy

Stephanie Glass Clark*, C. Emi Bretschneider, Megan S. Bradley, Stephen Rhodes, Jonathan Shoag, David Sheyn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction and hypothesis: The primary objective was to compare rates of mesh exposure in women undergoing minimally invasive sacrocolpopexy with concurrent supracervical vs total hysterectomy. We hypothesized there would be a lower risk of mesh exposure for supracervical hysterectomy. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study using the Premier Healthcare Database. Women undergoing sacrocolpopexy with supracervical or total hysterectomy between 2010 and 2018 were identified using Current Procedural (CPT) codes. Complications were identified using CPT and diagnosis codes; reoperations were identified using CPT codes. Mesh exposures were measured over a 2-year period. A multivariable logistic regression was performed with a priori defined predictors of mesh exposure. Results: This study includes 17,111 women who underwent minimally invasive sacrocolpopexy with concomitant supracervical or total hysterectomy (6708 (39%) vs 10,403 (61%)). Women who underwent supracervical hysterectomy were older (age 60 ± 11 vs 53 ± 13, p < 0.01) and less likely to be obese (4% vs 7%, p < 0.01). Postoperative mesh exposures within 2 years were similar (supracervical n = 47, 0.7% vs total n = 65, 0.62%, p = 0.61). On logistic regression, obesity significantly reduced the odds of mesh exposure (OR 0.2, 95% CI 0.01, 0.8); concomitant slings increased odds (OR 1.91, 95% CI 1.28, 2.83). Supracervical hysterectomy was associated with higher rates of port site hernias (1.3% vs 0.65%, p < 0.01), but lower surgical site infections within 3 months (0.81% vs 1.2%, p = 0.03). Reoperation for recurrent prolapse within 24 months was similar (supracervical n = 94, 1.4% vs total n = 150, 1.4%, p = 0.88). Conclusions: Postoperative mesh exposure rates do not significantly differ based on type of concomitant hysterectomy in this dataset.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)207-213
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Urogynecology Journal
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2024

Keywords

  • Hysterectomy
  • Mesh exposure
  • Pelvic organ prolapse
  • Sacrocolpopexy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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