Roadmap on STIRAP applications

Klaas Bergmann, Hanns Christoph Nägerl, Cristian Panda, Gerald Gabrielse, Eduard Miloglyadov, Martin Quack, Georg Seyfang, Gunther Wichmann, Silke Ospelkaus, Axel Kuhn, Stefano Longhi, Alexander Szameit, Philipp Pirro, Burkard Hillebrands, Xue Feng Zhu, Jie Zhu, Michael Drewsen, Winfried K. Hensinger, Sebastian Weidt, Thomas HalfmannHailin Wang, G. S. Paraoanu, Nikolay V. Vitanov, J. Mompart, T. Busch, Timothy J. Barnum, David D. Grimes, Robert W. Field, Mark G. Raizen, Edvardas Narevicius, Marcis Auzinsh, Dmitry Budker, Adriana Pálffy, Christoph H. Keitel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


STIRAP (Stimulated Raman Adiabatic Passage) is a powerful laser-based method, usually involving two photons, for efficient and selective transfer of population between quantum states. A particularly interesting feature is the fact that the coupling between the initial and the final quantum states is via an intermediate state even though the lifetime of the latter can be much shorter than the interaction time with the laser radiation. Nevertheless, spontaneous emission from the intermediate state is prevented by quantum interference. Maintaining the coherence between the initial and final state throughout the transfer process is crucial. STIRAP was initially developed with applications in chemical dynamics in mind. That is why the original paper of 1990 was published in The Journal of Chemical Physics. However, as of about the year 2000, the unique capabilities of STIRAP and its robustness with respect to small variations of some experimental parameters stimulated many researchers to apply the scheme in a variety of other fields of physics. The successes of these efforts are documented in this collection of articles. In Part A the experimental success of STIRAP in manipulating or controlling molecules, photons, ions or even quantum systems in a solid-state environment is documented. After a brief introduction to the basic physics of STIRAP, the central role of the method in the formation of ultra-cold molecules is discussed, followed by a presentation of how precision experiments (measurement of the upper limit of the electric dipole moment of the electron or detecting the consequences of parity violation in chiral molecules) or chemical dynamics studies at ultra-low temperatures benefit from STIRAP. Next comes the STIRAP-based control of photons in cavities followed by a group of three contributions which highlight the potential of the STIRAP concept in classical physics by presenting data on the transfer of waves (photonic, magnonic and phononic) between respective wave guides. The works on ions or ion-strings discuss options for applications e.g. in quantum information. Finally, the success of STIRAP in the controlled manipulation of quantum states in solid-state systems, which are usually hostile towards coherent processes, is presented, dealing with data storage in rare-earth ion doped crystals and in NV-centers or even in superconducting quantum circuits. The works on ions and those involving solid-state systems emphasize the relevance of the results for quantum information protocols. Part B deals with theoretical work including further concepts relevant for quantum information or invoking STIRAP for the manipulation of matter waves. The subsequent articles discuss experiments underway to demonstrate the potential of STIRAP for populating otherwise inaccessible high-lying Rydberg states of molecules, or controlling and cooling the translational motion of particles in a molecular beam or the polarization of angular momentum states. The series of articles concludes with a more speculative application of STIRAP in nuclear physics which, if suitable radiation fields become available, could lead to spectacular results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUnknown Journal
StatePublished - Aug 5 2019


  • Acoustic Waves
  • Cold Molecular Beams
  • Electric Dipole Moment Of The Electron
  • Fractional Stirap
  • Global Radiation Field
  • High Angular Momentum States
  • Ion Strings
  • Magnons
  • Molecular Rydberg States
  • Nitrogen Vacancy Centers In Diamond
  • Nuclear Coherent Population Transfer
  • Parity Violation In Chiral Molecules
  • Rare-Earth Ion Doped Crystals
  • Spatial Adiabatic Passage
  • Spin Waves
  • Stationary And Flying Qubits
  • Stimulated Raman Adiabatic Passage
  • Stirap
  • Stirap In Optical Wave Guides
  • Superconducting Quantum Circuits
  • Ultracold Chemistry
  • Ultracold Molecules

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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