Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Reoperative Repair for Failed Pyeloplasty in Children: An Updated Series

Deborah L. Jacobson, Rachel Shannon, Emilie K. Johnson, Edward M. Gong, Dennis B. Liu, Carl C. Flink, Theresa Meyer, Earl Y. Cheng, Bruce W. Lindgren*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose:Reoperative pyeloplasty is commonly used in children with recurrent obstruction after pyeloplasty. We previously reported on reoperative robot-assisted laparoscopic repair for failed pyeloplasty in 16 children and concluded that short-term and intermediate outcomes were comparable to open reoperative repair. In this updated series we describe longer term outcomes from an extended study.Materials and Methods:We retrospectively reviewed outcomes of consecutive children with prior failed primary pyeloplasty who underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic reoperative repair at a single institution from January 2008 to June 2018.Results:Overall, 36 children 0.6 to 15.2 years old (median 3.7) underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic reoperative repair (pyeloplasty in 31, ureterocalicostomy in 5) at a median of 24.3 months (range 3.9 to 136.7) after primary repair. Median reoperative time was 285.0 minutes (range 207 to 556) and median length of stay was 1 day (1 to 8). Crossing vessels were present in 8 of 30 children (26.7%) with prior open repair and in 0 of 6 with prior minimally invasive repair. Clavien-Dindo grade 1 to 2 perioperative complications occurred in 4 children (11.1%) and grade 3 to 5 complications in 2 (5.6%). Median followup was 35.3 months (range 1.4 to 108.3), with 18 children (50.0%) being followed for more than 3 years. Postoperative ultrasound in 34 children revealed improvement in 31 (91.2%), stability in 2 (5.9%) and worsening hydronephrosis in 1 (2.9%). All 11 children undergoing preoperative and postoperative diuretic renography demonstrated stable or improved differential renal function. All children were symptom-free at last followup.Conclusions:To our knowledge, this is the largest series of robot-assisted laparoscopic reoperative repair for failed pyeloplasty in children. Our results indicate the feasibility, efficacy, safety and durability of this procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1005-1010
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume201
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019

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Keywords

  • kidney
  • laparoscopy
  • pediatrics
  • retrospective studies
  • robotic surgical procedures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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