Robotic Surgery for Male Infertility

Annie Darves-Bornoz, Evan Panken, Robert E. Brannigan, Joshua A. Halpern*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


The robotic platform offers theoretical and practical advantages to microsurgical male infertility surgery. These include reduction or elimination of tremor, 3-dimensional visualization, and decreased need for skilled surgical assistance. This article reviews the application of robotic surgery to each of the 4 primary male infertility procedures: vasectomy reversal, varicocelectomy, testicular sperm extraction, and spermatic cord denervation. Historical perspective is presented alongside the available outcomes data, which are limited in most cases. Before the robotic approach can be widely adopted, further clinical trials are needed to compare outcomes and costs with those of other validated surgical techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-135
Number of pages9
JournalUrologic Clinics of North America
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2021


  • Infertility
  • Male
  • Robotic surgical procedures
  • Varicocele
  • Vasovasostomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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