Role for carbohydrate response element-binding protein (ChREBP) in high glucose-mediated repression of long noncoding RNA tug1

Jianyin Long, Daniel L. Galvan, Koki Mise, Yashpal S. Kanwar, Li Li, Naravat Poungavrin, Paul A. Overbeek, Benny H. Chang, Farhad R. Danesh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been shown to play key roles in a variety of biological activities of the cell. However, less is known about how lncRNAs respond to environmental cues and what transcriptional mechanisms regulate their expression. Studies from our laboratory have shown that the lncRNA Tug1 (taurine upregulated gene 1) is crucial for the progression of diabetic kidney disease, a major microvascular complication of diabetes. Using a combination of proximity labeling with the engineered soybean ascorbate peroxidase (APEX2), ChIP-qPCR, biotin-labeled oligonucleotide pulldown, and classical promoter luciferase assays in kidney podocytes, we extend our initial observations in the current study and now provide a detailed analysis on a how high-glucose milieu downregulates Tug1 expression in podocytes. Our results revealed an essential role for the transcription factor carbohydrate response element binding protein (ChREBP) in controlling Tug1 transcription in the podocytes in response to increased glucose levels. Along with ChREBP, other coregulators, including MAX dimerization protein (MLX), MAX dimerization protein 1 (MXD1), and histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1), were enriched at the Tug1 promoter under high-glucose conditions. These observations provide the first characterization of the mouse Tug1 promoter’s response to the high-glucose milieu. Our findings illustrate a molecular mechanism by which ChREBP can coordinate glucose homeostasis with the expression of the lncRNA Tug1 and further our understanding of dynamic transcriptional regulation of lncRNAs in a disease state.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15840-15852
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume295
Issue number47
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 20 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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