Role of Biomarkers in the Management of Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Sara Small*, Timothy S. Oh, Leonidas C. Platanias

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Despite many recent advances in treatment options, acute myeloid leukemia (AML) still has a high mortality rate. One important issue in optimizing outcomes for AML patients lies in the limited ability to predict response to specific therapies, duration of response, and likelihood of relapse. With evolving genetic characterization and improving molecular definitions, the ability to predict outcomes and long-term prognosis is slowly improving. The majority of the currently used prognostic assessments relate to molecular and chromosomal abnormalities, as well as response to initial therapy. These risk categories, however, do not account for a large amount of the variability in AML. Laboratory techniques now utilized in the clinic extend beyond bone marrow morphology and single gene sequencing, to next-generation sequencing of large gene panels and multiparameter flow cytometry, among others. Other technologic advances, such as gene expression analysis, have yet to demonstrate enough predictive and prognostic power to be employed in clinical medicine outside of clinical trials, but may be incorporated into the clinic in the future. In this review, we discuss the utility of current biomarkers, and present novel biomarker techniques and strategies that are in development for AML patients. Measurable residual disease (MRD) is a powerful prognostic tool that is increasingly being incorporated into clinical practice, and there are some exciting emerging biomarker technologies that have the potential to improve prognostic power in AML. As AML continues to be a difficult-to-treat disease with poor outcomes in many subtypes, advances in biomarkers that lead to better treatment decisions are greatly needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number14543
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Issue number23
StatePublished - Dec 2022


  • acute myeloid leukemia
  • biomarkers
  • gene expression analysis
  • immunotherapy
  • measurable residual disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Catalysis
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


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