Bronchoalveolar carcinoma (BAC) is a previously uncommon subset of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with unique epidemiology, pathology, clinical features, and natural history compared with other NSCLC subtypes. Recent data indicate that the incidence of BAC is increasing. Although many studies have reported that patients with BAC have prolonged survival, advanced BAC remains incurable, with most patients eventually dying of respiratory failure from progressive pulmonary involvement or intercurrent illness. Previous limited data suggest that chemotherapy for BAC provides modest benefit; however, anecdotal reports of swift and durable responses after treatment with tyrosine kinase (TK) inhibitors of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) in patients with BAC have prompted further investigation in this subset of patients. Two trials using the EGFR TK inhibitors gefitinib and/or erlotinib have demonstrated encouraging results, and have prompted further enthusiasm for this approach. Furthermore, recent insights into mechanisms of drug sensitivity should impact future clinical trial design.
- Molecular markers
- Targeted therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cancer Research