We consider the problem of bargaining between two individuals who can also search for possible alternatives to each other's offers. We explicitly incorporate the search activity into the process of bargaining: a disagreement in bargaining will lead each individual to search for an outside offer in the hope of improving his future bargaining position and attaining a more favorable outcome. We model the interlaced phases of bargaining and search over time as an extensive noncooperative game. We characterize the associated subgame-perfect equilibrium outcome and strategies. Finally, we show that superior search ability yields an individual a more favorable outcome and hence represents a greater bargaining strength.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Science Applications
- Management Science and Operations Research