Role of interventional radiology in the management of complications after pancreaticoduodenectomy

Todd A. Baker, Joshua M. Aaron, Marc Borge, Kenneth Pierce, Margo Shoup, Gerard V. Aranha*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: This study evaluated the role of interventional radiology (IR) procedures to manage complications after pancreaticoduodenectomy. Methods: A retrospective review was made of the records of patients with postsurgical complications managed with IR. Results: Among the 440 patients reviewed, the mortality, morbidity and reoperation rates were 1.6%, 36%, and 2%, respectively. Complications occurred in 159 patients, of which 39 (25%) required ≥1 IR procedures. Of those 39 patients, 72% underwent percutaneous drainage of an intra-abdominal abscess, 18% underwent percutaneous biliary drainage, and 10% underwent angiography for gastrointestinal bleeding or pseudoaneurysm. The reoperation rate among the 159 patients with complications was 6% (n = 9). Reoperation was avoided in 90% of patients receiving IR. Four patients underwent reoperation despite IR for persistent abscess, pancreatic fistula, anastomotic disruption, or mesenteric venous bleeding. Conclusions: The majority of complications occurring after pancreaticoduodenectomy can be managed effectively using IR, thus minimizing morbidity and the need for reoperation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)386-390
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgery
Volume195
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2008

Keywords

  • Bile leak
  • Complication
  • Interventional radiology
  • Intra-abdominal abscess
  • Pancreatic fistula
  • Pancreaticoduodenectomy
  • Percutaneous

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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