Background: Poststent high-pressure balloon inflation has been shown to improve clinical outcomes. However, it is unknown whether intracoronary ultrasound (ICUS) provides additional clinical guidance after initial high- pressure balloon inflation is used during stent placement. Thus the purpose of this study was to determine if stent deployment techniques are improved with ICUS imaging despite an optimal angiographic result achieved with high- pressure balloon inflation. Methods and Results: Prospective data were collected on 96 consecutive patients in whom 151 stents were deployed. Stents and high-pressure balloons were angiographically sized 1:1 by visual estimation. High-pressure (≥12 atm in all cases) balloon inflations were continued until angiographic completion (<10% residual stenosis), after which index ICUS imaging was performed. Stent apposition, symmetry, and lumen dimensions were evaluated. An optimal ICUS result was defined as full apposition of the stent, symmetry ratio ≥0.80, and acute gain ≥0.80 of the reference lumen area. If inadequate ICUS results were found, further dilations with higher pressures or larger balloons and subsequent stent reevaluation with ICUS were performed. Sixty-nine (46%) stents required additional balloon inflations. Of these stents, 35 (23%) had initial acute gains that were <80% of the reference lumen area. Forty-six (30%) stents were found to have unapposed struts and 24 (16%) had a symmetry ratio <0.80. In patients requiring additional inflations, minimum stent area increased from 7.6 ± 2.2 mm2 to 9.2 ± 2.4 mm2 (P < .0001). Similarly, complete stent apposition improved from 33% to 68% of total stents (P <.0001). After initial ICUS, higher-pressure dilations were performed in 40 patients, whereas larger balloons greater than or equal to ICUS reference vessel diameter were used in 33 patients. Follow-up was obtained in 95 (99%) patients. The overall major adverse cardiac event rate at 6 months was 9.3%, which consisted of 8 target vessel revascularizations and 1 abrupt closure requiring repeat intervention. Conclusions: Even when poststent high-pressure balloon inflation achieves an optimal angiographic result, ICUS assists in optimizing acute gain, symmetry, and apposition of intracoronary stents in approximately 50% of patients. Moreover, ICUS guidance is associated with low rates for target vessel revascularization and major adverse cardiac events at 6-month follow-up.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine