Glioblastoma multiforme is the most common and most malignant primary brain tumour with a dismal prognosis. The advent of new chemotherapies with alkylating agents crossing the blood-brain barrier, like temozolomide, have permitted to notably ameliorate the survival of a subgroup of patients. Improved outcome was associated with epigenetic silencing of the MGMT (06-methylguanin methyltransferase) gene by promotor methylation, therby blocking its repair capability, thus rendering the alkylating agents more effective. This particularity can be tested by methylation specific PCR on resected tumour tissue, best on fresh frozen biopsies, and allows identification of patients more susceptible to respond favourably to the treatment.
- Methylguanine methyltransferase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cancer Research