Role of non-invasive multimodality imaging in autoimmune pericarditis

Vardhmaan Jain, Garvit Chhabra, Michael Chetrit, Agam Bansal, Felix Berglund, Bryce Montanè, Muhammad M. Furqaan, Salaam P. Bachour, Apostolos Kontzias, Alexandra Villa Forte, Wilbert S. Aronow, Massimo Imazio, Paul C. Cremer, Allan L. Klein*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Systemic autoimmune diseases are an important cause of pericardial involvement and contribute to up to ∼22% cases of pericarditis with a known aetiology. The underlying mechanism for pericardial involvement varies with each systemic disease and leads to a poor understanding of its management. Multimodality imaging establishes the diagnosis and determines the type and extent of pericardial involvement. In this review, we elaborate upon various pericardial syndromes associated with different systemic autoimmune and autoinflammatory diseases and the multitude of imaging modalities that can be used to further characterize autoimmune pericardial involvement. Lastly, these forms of pericarditis have a greater likelihood of recurrence, and clinicians need to understand their unique treatment approaches to improve patient outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1228-1240
Number of pages13
JournalEuropean heart journal cardiovascular Imaging
Volume22
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2021

Keywords

  • computerized tomography
  • echocardiography
  • imaging
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • pericardial disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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