Role of tumor necrosis factor- α in lipopolysaccharide-induced pathologic alterations

D. G. Remick*, R. M. Strieter, M. K. Eskandari, D. T. Nguyen, M. A. Genord, C. L. Raiford, S. L. Kunkel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

190 Scopus citations


Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF) has been Implicated strongly as a principal mediator in the pathogenesis of septic shock. The authors investigated the in vivo production of TNF in CBA/J and CD-1 mice that had been primed by an intraperitoneal injection of complete Freund's adjuvant followed 2 weeks later by an intraperitoneal injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). TNF bioactivity peaked in both the ascites and plasma one hour after challenge, and TNF mRNA expression in the ascites cells peaked 30 minutes after LPS. After the induction of bioactivity, an interstitial pulmonary neutrophilic infiltrate occurred that was quantitated both morpbometrically and by a myeloperoxidase (MPO) assay. Peripheral blood neutrophilia and lymphopenia developed after the LPS injection (PMNs: control, 46 ± 2%; LPS, 65 ± 3%; Lymphs control, 53 ± 2%; LPS, 37± 3%). Treatment with dexamethasone (Dex) completely inhibited the pulmonary neutrophilic infiltrate as measured by the (MPO) assay. Because Dex will inhibit the production of several cytokines, anti-TNF antiserum was given to mice at the same time as the LPS challenge to assess specifically the role of TNF in inducing these changes. This antiserum partially blocked the pulmonary neutrophil infiltrate, and completely blocked the peripheral blood changes at one hour after LPS. These data demonstrate that TNF plays an important role in the early pathophysiologic alterations that occur after systemic exposure to LPS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-60
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


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