We propose and illustrate numerically the possibility of imaging rotational wave packets in angular space and time by using different pump-probe spectroscopic techniques. A general theoretical framework to perform such rotational mapping is derived and three specific spectroscopies, namely, birefringence, high harmonic generation, and angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy, are numerically explored. All three approaches are shown to provide direct mapping of the rotational coherences of molecules but they are not equivalent; comparison of their results yields interesting insights into their relative merits. Finally, we illustrate the role played by the symmetry of the molecular orbitals in determining the quality of the images generated by high harmonic and photoelectron signals. The potential of rotational imaging as a route to both intramolecular coupling mechanisms and the interaction of molecules with different environments is discussed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics|
|State||Published - Feb 15 2013|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics