RSV Vaccination Intention Among People Who Are or Plan to Become Pregnant

Jennifer K. Saper, Marie Heffernan, Norma Jean E. Simon, Matthew M. Davis, Michelle L. Macy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a common pediatric infection, with young infants being at the highest risk of hospitalization and long-term sequela. New preventive agents have been recommended to prevent severe RSV illness in infants, including a vaccine administered during pregnancy. The current rates of recommended vaccination in pregnancy are suboptimal. Our objective was to characterize interest in RSV vaccination during pregnancy among people across the United States who were pregnant or planning to become pregnant. METHODS: In March 2023, we conducted a national cross-sectional online survey of individuals 18 to 45 years old who were currently pregnant or trying to become pregnant on their perceptions of RSV-related illness and intentions to get vaccinated against RSV. We performed logistic regression analyses to determine the odds and predicted proportions of the likelihood of RSV vaccination during pregnancy, controlling for sociodemographic factors. RESULTS: Of 1619 completed surveys, 1528 were analyzed. 54% of respondents indicated that they were "very likely" to get vaccinated against RSV during pregnancy. The perception of RSV as a serious illness was the strongest predictor of vaccination likelihood. In the full regression model, predicted proportions of "very likely" to vaccinate against RSV followed a similar pattern (63% if RSV infection was perceived as serious and likely, 55% if serious and unlikely, 35% if not serious; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Raising awareness of RSV infection as likely and potentially serious for infants may be an influential component of targeted communications that promote RSV vaccine uptake during pregnancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPediatrics
Volume153
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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