Russian railways and the seaborne grain export trade: 1883-1911

H. E. Gulley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The interaction between railway development and agricultural expansion is a salient feature of the post-emancipation Russian economy. The railway network's growth allowed the Empire's agriculture core to shift southeastward and facilitated rapid growth in grain exports. Exports rose initially through the Baltic ports and later through the ports of the Black and Azov seas. A limited degree of regional specialization emerged, but governmental constraints and overall economic immaturity hampered further economic development. -Author

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)743-761
Number of pages19
JournalSoviet Geography
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Environmental Science
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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