Diastolic Ca2+ leak due to cardiac ryanodine receptor (RyR2) hyperactivity has been widely documented in chronic ischemic heart disease (CIHD) and may contribute to ventricular tachycardia (VT) risk and progressive left-ventricular (LV) remodeling. Here we test the hypothesis that targeting RyR2 hyperactivity can suppress VT inducibility and progressive heart failure in CIHD by the RyR2 inhibitor dantrolene. Methods and results: CIHD was induced in C57BL/6 J mice by left coronary artery ligation. Four weeks later, mice were randomized to either acute or chronic (6 weeks via implanted osmotic pump) treatment with dantrolene or vehicle. VT inducibility was assessed by programmed stimulation in vivo and in isolated hearts. Electrical substrate remodeling was assessed by optical mapping. Ca2+ sparks and spontaneous Ca2+ releases were measured in isolated cardiomyocytes. Cardiac remodeling was quantified by histology and qRT-PCR. Cardiac function and contractility were measured using echocardiography. Compared to vehicle, acute dantrolene treatment reduced VT inducibility. Optical mapping demonstrated reentrant VT prevention by dantrolene, which normalized the shortened refractory period (VERP) and prolonged action potential duration (APD), preventing APD alternans. In single CIHD cardiomyocytes, dantrolene normalized RyR2 hyperactivity and prevented spontaneous intracellular Ca2+ release. Chronic dantrolene treatment not only reduced VT inducibility but also reduced peri-infarct fibrosis and prevented further progression of LV dysfunction in CIHD mice. Conclusions: RyR2 hyperactivity plays a mechanistic role for VT risk, post-infarct remodeling, and contractile dysfunction in CIHD mice. Our data provide proof of concept for the anti-arrhythmic and anti-remodeling efficacy of dantrolene in CIHD.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Molecular Biology