Purpose: Bone marrow-derived, allogeneic, multipotent adult progenitor cells demonstrated safety and efficacy in preclinical models of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Methods: This phase 1/2 trial evaluated the safety and tolerability of intravenous multipotent adult progenitor cells in patients with moderate-to-severe ARDS in 12 UK and USA centres. Cohorts 1 and 2 were open-label, evaluating acute safety in three subjects receiving 300 or 900 million cells, respectively. Cohort 3 was a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel trial infusing 900 million cells (n = 20) or placebo (n = 10) within 96 h of ARDS diagnosis. Primary outcomes were safety and tolerability. Secondary endpoints included clinical outcomes, quality of life (QoL) and plasma biomarkers. Results: No allergic or serious adverse reactions were associated with cell therapy in any cohort. At baseline, the cohort 3 cell group had less severe hypoxia. For cohort 3, 28-day mortality was 25% for cell vs. 45% for placebo recipients. Median 28-day free from intensive care unit (ICU) and ventilator-free days in the cell vs. placebo group were 12.5 (IQR 0,18.5) vs. 4.5 (IQR 0,16.8) and 18.5 (IQR 0,22) vs. 6.5 (IQR 0,18.3), respectively. A prospectively defined severe ARDS subpopulation (PaO2/FiO2 < 150 mmHg (20 kPa); n = 16) showed similar trends in mortality, ICU-free days and ventilator-free days favouring cell therapy. Cell recipients showed greater recovery of QoL through Day 365. Conclusions: Multipotent adult progenitor cells were safe and well tolerated in ARDS. The clinical outcomes warrant larger trials to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and optimal patient population.
- Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
- Multipotent adult progenitor cells (MAPC)
- Stem cells
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine