Purpose: Radioimmunotherapy (RIT) with yttrium-90 (90Y)-labeled anti-CD20 antibody (90Y ibritumomab tiuxetan; Zevalin, IDEC Pharmaceuticals Corporation, San Diego, CA) has a high rate of tumor response in patients with relapsed or refractory, low-grade, follicular, or transformed B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). This study presents the safety data from 349 patients in five studies of outpatient treatment with 90Y ibritumomab tiuxetan. Patients and Methods: Patients received rituximab 250 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8, and either 0.4 mCi/kg (15 MBq/kg) or 0.3 mCi/kg (11 MBq/kg) of 90Y ibritumomab tiuxetan on day 8 (maximum dose, 32 mCi). Patients were observed for up to 4 years after therapy or until progressive disease. Results: Infusion-related toxicities were typically grade 1 or 2 and were associated with rituximab. No significant organ toxicity was noted. Toxicity was primarily hematologic, with nadir counts occurring at 7 to 9 weeks and lasting approximately 1 to 4 weeks depending on the method of calculation. After the 0.4-mCi/kg dose, grade 4 neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, and anemia occurred in 30%, 10%, and 3% of patients, respectively, and after the 0.3-mCi/kg dose, these grade 4 toxicities occurred in 35%, 14%, and 8% of patients, respectively. The risk of hematologic toxicity increased with degree of baseline bone marrow involvement with NHL. Seven percent of patients were hospitalized with infection (3% with neutropenia) and 2% had grade 3 or 4 bleeding events. Myelodysplasia or acute myelogenous leukemia was reported in five patients (1%) 8 to 34 months after treatment. Conclusion: Single-dose 90Y ibritumomab tiuxetan RIT has an acceptable safety profile in relapsed NHL patients with less than 25% lymphoma marrow involvement, adequate marrow reserve, platelets greater than 100,000 cells/μL, and neutrophils greater than 1,500 cells/μL.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research