A series of (salen)tin(II) and (salen)tin(IV) complexes was synthesized. The (salen)tin(IV) complexes, (salen)SnX2 (X = Br and I), were prepared in good yields via the direct oxidation reaction of (salen)tin(II) complexes with Br2 or I2. (Salen)SnX2 successfully underwent the anion-exchange reaction with AgOTf (OTf = trifluoromethanesulfonate) to form (salen)Sn(OTf)2 and (salen)Sn(X)(OTf) (X = Br). The (salen)Sn(OTf)2 complex was easily converted to any of the dihalide (salen)SnX2 compounds using halide salts. All complexes were fully characterized by 1H NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, and elemental analysis, while some were characterized by 13C, 19F, and 119Sn NMR spectroscopy. Several crystal structures of (salen)tin(II) and (salen)tin(IV) were also determined. Finally, both (salen)tin(II) and (salen)tin(IV) complexes were shown to efficiently catalyze the formation of propylene carbonate from propylene oxide and CO2. Of the series, (3,3′,5,5′-Br4-salen) SnBr2, 3i, was found to be the most effective catalyst (TOF = 524 h-1).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|State||Published - Jul 12 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry