Same/different in visual reasoning

Kenneth D. Forbus, Andrew Lovett

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Visual reasoning tasks involving comparison provide interesting insights into how people make similarity and difference judgments. This review summarizes work that provides evidence that the same structure-mapping comparison processes that appear to be used elsewhere in cognition can also be used to model comparison in human visual reasoning tasks. These models rely on qualitative representations, which provide symbolic descriptions of continuous properties, an important kind of relational representation. Cognitive simulations of multiple human visual reasoning tasks, using the same model of high-level vision to compute relational representations, achieve human-like performance, both in terms of accuracy and estimating the relative difficulty of problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)63-68
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Behavioral Sciences
StatePublished - Feb 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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