Sarcomere mutations in cardiomyopathy with left ventricular hypertrabeculation

Lisa M. Dellefave, Peter Pytel, Stephanie Mewborn, Bassem Mora, Deborah L. Guris, Savitri Fedson, Darrel Waggoner, Ivan Moskowitz, Elizabeth M. McNally

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background-Mutations in the genes encoding sarcomere proteins have been associated with both hypertrophic and dilated cardiomyopathy. Recently, mutations in myosin heavy chain (MYH7), cardiac actin (ACTC), and troponin T (TNNT2) were associated with left ventricular noncompaction, a form of cardiomyopathy characterized with hypertrabeculation that may also include reduced function of the left ventricle. Methods and Results-We used clinically available genetic testing on 3 cases referred for evaluation of left ventricular dysfunction and noncompaction of the left ventricle and found that all 3 individuals carried sarcomere mutations. The first patient presented with neonatal heart failure and was referred for left ventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy. Genetic testing found 2 different mutations in MYBPC3 in trans. The first mutation, 3776delA, Q1259fs, rendered a frame shift at 1259 of cardiac myosin-binding protein C and the second mutation was L1200P. The frameshift mutation was also found in this mother who displayed mild echocardiographic features of cardiomyopathy, with only subtle increase in trabeculation and an absence of hypertrophy. A second pediatric patient presented with heart failure and was found to carry a de novo MYH7 R369Q mutation. The third case was an adult patient with dilated cardiomyopathy referred for ventricular hypertrabeculation. This patient had a family history of congestive heart failure, including pediatric onset cardiomyopathy where 3 individuals in the family were found to have the MYH7 mutation R1250W. Conclusion-Genetic testing should be considered for cardiomyopathy with hypertrabeculation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)442-449
Number of pages8
JournalCirculation: Cardiovascular Genetics
Volume2
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2009

Keywords

  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Contractility
  • Gene mutation
  • Genetics
  • Heart failure
  • Myocardial contraction
  • Myosin heavy chain
  • Myosin-binding protein C
  • Sarcomere

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Genetics(clinical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Sarcomere mutations in cardiomyopathy with left ventricular hypertrabeculation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this