Scalable Synthesis of Pt/SrTiO3Hydrogenolysis Catalysts in Pursuit of Manufacturing-Relevant Waste Plastic Solutions

Ian L. Peczak, Robert M. Kennedy, Ryan A. Hackler, Rongyue Wang, Youngho Shin, Massimiliano Delferro, Kenneth R. Poeppelmeier*

*Corresponding author for this work

Abstract

An improved hydrothermal synthesis of shape-controlled, size-controlled 60 nm SrTiO3 nanocuboid (STO NC) supports, which facilitates the scalable creation of platinum nanoparticle catalysts supported on STO (Pt/STO) for the chemical conversion of waste polyolefins, is reported herein. This synthetic method (1) establishes that STO nucleation prior to the hydrothermal treatment favors nanocuboid formation, (2) produces STO NC supports with average sizes ranging from 25 to 80 nm with narrow size distributions, and (3) demonstrates how SrCO3 formation and variation in solution pH prevent the formation of STO NCs. The STO synthesis was scaled-up and conducted in a 4 L batch reactor, resulting in STO NCs of comparable size and morphology (m = 22.5 g, davg = 58.6 ± 16.2 nm) to those synthesized under standard hydrothermal conditions in a lab-scale 125 mL autoclave reactor. Size-controlled STO NCs, ranging in roughly 10 nm increments from 25 to 80 nm, were used to support Pt deposited through strong electrostatic adsorption (SEA), a practical and scalable solution-based method. Using SEA techniques and an STO support with an average size of 39.3 ± 6.3 nm, a Pt/STO catalyst with 3.6 wt % Pt was produced and used for high-density polyethylene hydrogenolysis under previously reported conditions (170 psi H2, 300 °C, 96 h; final product: Mw = 2400, = 1.03). As a well-established model system for studying the behavior of heterogeneous catalysts and their supports, the Pt/STO system detailed in this work presents a unique opportunity to simultaneously convert waste plastic into commercially viable products while gaining insight into how scalable inorganic synthesis can support transformative manufacturing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)58691-58700
Number of pages10
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume13
Issue number49
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2021

Keywords

  • advanced manufacturing
  • circular economy
  • heterogeneous catalysis
  • hydrogenolysis
  • nanomaterials
  • perovskites
  • upcycling
  • waste plastic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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