Besides the scale factor that distinguishes the various spices fundamentally biological muscles changes little between species indicating a highly optimized system, Electroactive polymer actuators offer the closest resemblance to biological muscles however beside the large actuation displacement these materials are falling short with regards to the actuation force. As improved materials emerging it is becoming necessary to address key issues such as the need for effective electromechanical modeling and guiding parameters in scaling the actuators. In this paper, we will review the scaling laws for three major actuation mechanisms that are of relevance to micro electromechanical systems: electrostatic actuation, magnetic actuation, thermal bimetallic actuation, and piezoelectric actuation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Condensed Matter Physics