Scanning currents in stokes flow and the efficient feeding of small organisms

S. Childress, M. A.R. Koehl, M. Miksis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The feeding behaviour of many small, free swimming organisms involves the creation of a scanning current by the coordinated movement of a group of appendages. In this paper, we study the generation of scanning currents in Stokes flow in a number of simple models, utilizing the movement of Stokeslets, spheres, or stalks to set up an average scanning drift in a suitable far field formulation. Various mechanisms may then be classified by the rate of decay at infinity of the mean scanning current. In addition, optimal scanning can be investigated by minimizing the mean power required to create a current of prescribed amplitude. The simple mechanisms for scanning described here provide a framework within which the appendage movements of small aquatic organisms can be analysed and the relative merits of scanning and swimming strategies can be investigated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)407-436
Number of pages30
JournalJournal of fluid Mechanics
Volume177
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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