School Accountability

David N Figlio*, Susanna Loeb

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

93 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

School accountability-the process of evaluating school performance on the basis of student performance measures-is increasingly prevalent around the world. In the United States, accountability has become a centerpiece of both Democratic and Republican federal administrations' education policies. This chapter reviews the theory of school-based accountability, describes variations across programs, and identifies key features influencing the effectiveness and possible unintended consequences of accountability policies. The chapter then summarizes the research literature on the effects of test-based accountability on students and teachers, concluding that the preponderance of evidence suggests positive effects of the accountability movement in the United States during the 1990s and early 2000s on student achievement, especially in math. The effects on teachers and on students' long-run outcomes are more difficult to judge. It is also clear that school personnel respond to accountability in both positive and negative ways, and that accountability systems run the risk of being counter-productive if not carefully thought out and monitored.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)383-421
Number of pages39
JournalHandbook of the Economics of Education
Volume3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

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responsibility
school
student
Federal Administration
Accountability
School accountability
teacher
performance
personnel
evidence
education

Keywords

  • Accountability
  • Achievement
  • Education
  • NCLB

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Economics and Econometrics

Cite this

Figlio, David N ; Loeb, Susanna. / School Accountability. In: Handbook of the Economics of Education. 2011 ; Vol. 3. pp. 383-421.
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School Accountability. / Figlio, David N; Loeb, Susanna.

In: Handbook of the Economics of Education, Vol. 3, 01.01.2011, p. 383-421.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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