School Lunch Environmental Factors Impacting Fruit and Vegetable Consumption

Ian Yi Han Ang, Randi L. Wolf, Pamela A. Koch, Heewon L. Gray, Raynika Trent, Elizabeth Tipton, Isobel R. Contento

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Assess impact of school lunch environmental factors on fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption in second and third grade students. Design: Cross-sectional observations in 1 school year. Participants: Students from 14 elementary schools in 4 New York City boroughs (n = 877 student-tray observations). Main Outcome Measure(s): Dependent variables were F&V consumption collected by visual observation. Independent variables included school lunch environmental factors, and individual-level and school-level demographics. Analysis: Hierarchical linear modeling was used with F&V consumption as the outcome variable, and relevant independent variables included in each model. Results: Slicing or precutting of fruits and having lunch after recess were positively associated (P <.05) with.163- and.080-cup higher fruit consumption across all students, respectively. Preplating of vegetables on lunch trays, having 2 or more vegetable options, and having lunch after recess were positively associated (P <.05) with.024-,.009-, and.007-cup higher vegetable consumption across all students, respectively. Conclusions and Implications: Although there was a small increase in intake, results of the study support that some school lunch environmental factors affect children's F&V consumption, with some factors leading to more impactful increases than others. Slicing of fruits seems most promising in leading to greater fruit consumption and should be further tested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)68-79
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Lunch
Vegetables
Fruit
Students
Observation
Demography
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

Keywords

  • child
  • fruit
  • lunch
  • schools
  • students
  • vegetables

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Ang, Ian Yi Han ; Wolf, Randi L. ; Koch, Pamela A. ; Gray, Heewon L. ; Trent, Raynika ; Tipton, Elizabeth ; Contento, Isobel R. / School Lunch Environmental Factors Impacting Fruit and Vegetable Consumption. In: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. 2019 ; Vol. 51, No. 1. pp. 68-79.
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School Lunch Environmental Factors Impacting Fruit and Vegetable Consumption. / Ang, Ian Yi Han; Wolf, Randi L.; Koch, Pamela A.; Gray, Heewon L.; Trent, Raynika; Tipton, Elizabeth; Contento, Isobel R.

In: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, Vol. 51, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 68-79.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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