School Lunch Environmental Factors Impacting Fruit and Vegetable Consumption

Ian Yi Han Ang*, Randi L. Wolf, Pamela A. Koch, Heewon L. Gray, Raynika Trent, Elizabeth Tipton, Isobel R. Contento

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Assess impact of school lunch environmental factors on fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption in second and third grade students. Design: Cross-sectional observations in 1 school year. Participants: Students from 14 elementary schools in 4 New York City boroughs (n = 877 student-tray observations). Main Outcome Measure(s): Dependent variables were F&V consumption collected by visual observation. Independent variables included school lunch environmental factors, and individual-level and school-level demographics. Analysis: Hierarchical linear modeling was used with F&V consumption as the outcome variable, and relevant independent variables included in each model. Results: Slicing or precutting of fruits and having lunch after recess were positively associated (P <.05) with.163- and.080-cup higher fruit consumption across all students, respectively. Preplating of vegetables on lunch trays, having 2 or more vegetable options, and having lunch after recess were positively associated (P <.05) with.024-,.009-, and.007-cup higher vegetable consumption across all students, respectively. Conclusions and Implications: Although there was a small increase in intake, results of the study support that some school lunch environmental factors affect children's F&V consumption, with some factors leading to more impactful increases than others. Slicing of fruits seems most promising in leading to greater fruit consumption and should be further tested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)68-79
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2019

Keywords

  • child
  • fruit
  • lunch
  • schools
  • students
  • vegetables

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'School Lunch Environmental Factors Impacting Fruit and Vegetable Consumption'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this