Scientific Eminence: Where Are the Women?

Alice H Eagly*, David I. Miller

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Women are sparsely represented among psychologists honored for scientific eminence. However, most currently eminent psychologists started their careers when far fewer women pursued training in psychological science. Now that women earn the majority of psychology Ph.D.’s, will they predominate in the next generation’s cadre of eminent psychologists? Comparing currently active female and male psychology professors on publication metrics such as the h index provides clues for answering this question. Men outperform women on the h index and its two components: scientific productivity and citations of contributions. To interpret these gender gaps, we first evaluate whether publication metrics are affected by gender bias in obtaining grant support, publishing papers, or gaining citations of published papers. We also consider whether women’s chances of attaining eminence are compromised by two intertwined sets of influences: (a) gender bias stemming from social norms pertaining to gender and to science and (b) the choices that individual psychologists make in pursuing their careers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)899-904
Number of pages6
JournalPerspectives on Psychological Science
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • careers
  • gender bias
  • publication metrics
  • scientific eminence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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