Sclerotherapy for esophageal varices: Preliminary experience

M. Abecassis, L. Makowka, B. Langer, B. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


There has been a resurgence of interest in injection sclerotherapy as a means of controlling and preventing variceal hemorrhage. This report reviews and evaluates the early experience with this procedures at the Toronto General Hospital. From May 1979 to January 1983, 39 patients underwent 73 separate treatment sessions (rigid 23, flexible 50), during active bleeding (3), during hospitalization for variceal hemorrhage but after cessation of bleeding (35) and during elective admission to hospital expressly for sclerotherapy (35). Follow-up was obtained for 38 patients (98%). The overall rate of rebleeding was 27%. Complications occurred in 13 patients (33%). Ten patients died; in 2, death was directly attributable to a complication of sclerotherapy. From this preliminary experience the authors conclude that complications of sclerotherapy are frequent and potentially life-threatening, so more prospective randomized trials are needed before its role in the treatment of bleeding varices is clear.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)561-566
Number of pages6
JournalCanadian Journal of Surgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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