Secondary peristalsis and esophagogastric junction distensibility in symptomatic post-fundoplication patients

Michelle M. Lu, Peter J. Kahrilas, Ezra N. Teitelbaum, John E. Pandolfino, Dustin A. Carlson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The impact of esophageal dysmotility among patients with post-fundoplication esophageal symptoms is not fully understood. This study aimed to investigate secondary peristalsis and esophagogastric junction (EGJ) opening biomechanics using functional lumen imaging probe (FLIP) panometry in symptomatic post-fundoplication patients. Methods: Eighty-seven adult patients post-fundoplication who completed FLIP for symptomatic esophageal evaluation were included. Secondary peristaltic contractile response (CR) patterns and EGJ opening metrics (EGJ distensibility index (EGJ-DI) and maximum EGJ diameter) were evaluated on FLIP panometry and analyzed against high-resolution manometry (HRM), patient-reported outcomes, and fundoplication condition seen on esophagram and/or endoscopy. Key Results: FLIP CR patterns included 14 (16%) normal CR, 30 (34%) borderline CR, 28 (32%) impaired/disordered CR, 13 (15%) absent CR, and 2 (2%) spastic reactive CR. Compared with normal and borderline CRs (i.e., CR patterns with distinct, antegrade peristalsis), patients with impaired/disordered and absent CRs demonstrated significantly greater time since fundoplication (2.4 (0.6–6.8) vs. 8.9 (2.6–14.5) years; p = 0.002), greater esophageal body width on esophagram (n = 50; 2.3 (2.0–2.8) vs. 2.9 (2.4–3.6) cm; p = 0.013), and lower EGJ-DI (4.3 (2.7–5.4) vs. 2.6 (1.7–3.7) mm2/mmHg; p = 0.001). Intact fundoplications had significantly higher rates of normal CRs compared to anatomically abnormal (i.e., tight, disrupted, slipped, herniated) fundoplications (9 (28%) vs. 5 (9%); p = 0.032), but there were no differences in EGJ-DI or EGJ maximum diameter. Conclusions & Inferences: Symptomatic post-fundoplication patients were characterized by frequent abnormal secondary peristalsis after fundoplication, potentially worsening with time after fundoplication or related to EGJ outflow resistance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere14746
JournalNeurogastroenterology and Motility
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2024

Keywords

  • dysphagia
  • fundoplication
  • impedance
  • peristalsis
  • reflux

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology

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