SECRETION OF ALPHA AND BETA SUBUNITS OF TSH BY THE ANTERIOR PITUITARY

M. EDMONDS, M. MOLITCH, J. PIERCE, W. D. ODELL*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have attempted to determine whether blood concentrations of the α chains of TSH arise by direct pituitary secretion of α chain or by degratation of the intact hormone after secretion. Highly purified human TSH was administered by infusion to euthyroid volunteers; blood TSH concentrations were raised to 36 μu/ml. After TSH infusion, circulating blood α chain concentrations did not change. The same volunteers received an infusion of TRH which stimulated pituitary secretion of TSH, raising blood concentrations to 15 μ/ml in one series of subjects and to 23 μu/ml in a second series. After TRH, blood concentrations of α chain increased from undetectable to over 400 pg/ml. We conclude that α subunits of TSH are directly secreted by the pituitary gland and are not formed by degradation of intact TSH in the peripheral circulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)525-530
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Endocrinology
Volume4
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1975

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

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