Secretion of plasminogen activator by cultured rat endometrial stromal cells from uteri differentially sensitized for the decidual cell reaction

T. G. Kennedy*, H. E. Ross, G. J. Barbe, M. A. Shu, X. Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Endometrial stromal cells from rat uteri differentially sensitized for the decidual cell reaction in vivo and which undergo differing degrees of decidualization in vitro were cultured and plasminogen activator (PA) in the medium determined. The cells were obtained by enzymatic dispersion from the uteri of ovariectomized, steroid-treated rats at the equivalent of day 4, 5, or 6 of pseudopregnancy or on day 5 from rats treated on day 4 with 0, 0.3, or 1.0 μg estradiol (low, intermediate, or high dose of estradiol, respectively) and cultured for 24, 48, or 72 hr. For cells from day 4, 5, and 6 uteri cultured under control conditions, PA activity in the medium was greatest for day 5 cells, which were from uteri maximally sensitized for decidualization both in vivo and in vitro. By contrast, for cells from low-, intermediate-, and high-estradiol uteri, PA activity in the medium was greatest for the high-estradiol cells; these cells do not undergo decidualization in vivo or in vitro to the same extent as intermediate- estradiol cells. Indomethacin, an inhibitor of prostaglandin (PG) synthesis, reduced PGE2 accumulation to nondetectable amounts and for most cultures decreased PA activity in the medium, suggesting that endogenous PG production regulated in part PA secretion under control conditions. The addition of PGE2 with indomethacin increased PA activities above those under control conditions, but activities were still lower for day 4 and 6 cells compared with day 5 cells, and for low-and intermediate-estradiol cells compared with high-estradiol cells. This indicates that the differences in PA secretion are not explainable by differences in PGE2 production. Northern blot analysis of RNA from cells cultured for 72 hr under control conditions did not reveal significant differences in steady-state concentrations of mRNA for urokinase- type PA or plasminogen activator inhibitor 1, but those for tissue-type PA were lower in day 6 cells compared with day 4 and 5 cells. It is concluded that PA activity secreted by the cultured endometrial stromal cells, although controlled in part by the endocrine milieu to which they were exposed prior to culture, does not simulate decidualization in vitro and, therefore, that PA activity is not a marker for decidualization in vitro.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)268-276
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular reproduction and development
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1998

Keywords

  • Decidualization
  • Estradiol
  • Prostaglandin E
  • Pseudopregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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