Seizure Outcomes in Children Following Electrocorticography-Guided Single-Stage Surgical Resection

Seema Bansal, Andrew J. Kim*, Anne T. Berg, Sookyong Koh, Linda C. Laux, Srishti Nangia, John J. Millichap, Alexandra Shaw, Breanne Fisher, Catherine Dezort, Arthur J. DiPatri, Tord D. Alden, Douglas R. Nordli

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Background In children with abnormal imaging, single-stage epilepsy surgery is an attractive alternative to the two-stage approach that relies on invasive recording of seizures. Implanted electrodes carry risks of their own and extend hospitalization, but the efficacy of one-stage resections in a variety of pathologies and cerebral locations is not well established. We report our center's experience with single-stage epilepsy surgery guided by intraoperative electrocorticography (ECoG). Methods We retrospectively analyzed 130 consecutive patients who underwent single-stage epilepsy surgery before age 19 years and had at least a two-year follow-up. Intraoperative ECoG was available for review in 113. Patients were considered seizure-free if they were continuously Engel Class I up to the two-year postoperative mark. ECoG findings were classified according to the presence of interictal attenuation, spikes, both, or neither. Complications and hospital length of stay were evaluated. Results Eighty percent of 130 patients were seizure-free at two years. All but one had an abnormal MRI. Patients with tumor had a better seizure outcome than patients with cortical malformation. Frontal resections had worse outcome, especially among tumors. Intraoperative ECoG revealed both attenuation and spikes in 48%, attenuation only in 23%, spikes only in 20%, and neither in 9%. The complication rate was 6.9%, with no major neurological complications. The average length of stay was 5.7 nights. Conclusions With ECoG-guided single-stage surgery, we achieved results comparable with other pediatric surgical series and with a low complication rate. An extensive two-stage approach may not be required when there is a lesion on imaging and other information is concordant, even when the MRI abnormality is subtle and unclearly delineated. Frontal foci may present a challenge because of their proximity to “eloquent” nonresectable cortex or critical structures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-42
Number of pages8
JournalPediatric neurology
StatePublished - Jun 2017


  • complications
  • epilepsy surgery
  • intraoperative electrocorticography
  • length of stay
  • pediatric
  • single stage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Neurology
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Clinical Neurology


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