Seizures and antiepileptic drugs in patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhages

Shraddha Srinivasan, Haewon Shin, Sherry H.Y. Chou, Page B. Pennell, Barbara A. Dworetzky, Jong Woo Lee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose Patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) are often initiated on antiepileptic drugs without a clear indication. We compared the percentage of patients with spontaneous ICH who had seizures at onset or during hospitalization, and examined empiric use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in these patients in 2 cohorts 10 years apart. Methods Using a clinical data registry at a tertiary care adult hospital, we retrospectively selected admissions for spontaneous ICH between 1/1/99-12/31/00 (Cohort A, n = 30) and 1/1/09-12/31/10 (Cohort B, n = 108). Clinical, neurophysiological and radiological data were collected in both cohorts. Results In Cohorts A and B respectively, AEDs were started in 53.3% and 50.0%, and continued on discharge in 50.0% and 20.4% of patients; 86.6% and 59.1% of patients discharged on AEDs did not have a clinical/electrographic seizure or epileptiform EEG findings. Seizures occurred in 6.6% and 13.0% in Cohorts A and B respectively. The presence of a seizure at presentation (p = 0.01) and during hospitalization (p = 0.02) were predictors for continuing AED on discharge. Conclusion In both cohorts, a significant number of patients were discharged on AEDs without a clear indication, though there is a change in practice between the two cohorts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)512-516
Number of pages5
JournalSeizure
Volume22
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antiepileptic drugs
  • Continuous EEG
  • Seizures
  • Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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