Selection, enrichment, and culture expansion of murine mesenchymal progenitor cells by retroviral transduction of cycling adherent bone marrow cells

Yukie Kitano, Antonetta Radu, Aimen Shaaban, Alan W. Flake*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: It has been difficult to characterize murine bone marrow (BM)-derived mesenchymal progenitor cells (MPCs) because of contamination with hematopoietic cells. We took advantage of the rapid proliferation of MPCs after replating to enrich murine MPCs by transfection with a retroviral vector carrying both LacZ and the selective neomycin resistance (neoR) gene. Materials and Methods: Freshly harvested BM cells from mice were incubated with BAG retroviral vector produced by amphotropic ψ-CRIP or ecotropic ψ-CRE producer cells for 48 hours and grown in the presence of G418. Results: Cells incubated in ψ-CRIP supernatant formed colonies composed of large homogeneous cells that were free of CD45+ cells, but cells incubated in ψ-CRE supernatant did not form stromal cell colonies. In the undifferentiated state, the cells displayed a fibroblast-like phenotype with low alkaline phosphatase activity. However, upon treatment with dexamethasone or 5-azacytidine, the retrovirally transduced cells differentiated into oil-red-O-positive adipocytic cells and osteogenic cells generating von Kossa-positive bone nodules. Osteogenic supplements composed of β-glycerophosphate, dexamethasone, and ascorbic acid induced an increase in alkaline phosphatase activity and acute osteogenesis associated with early cell detachment. Subcutaneous injection with retrovirally transduced cells into day 1 newborn mice of the same strain produced ectopic calcium depositions surrounded by X-gal+ cells. Conclusions: Retroviral selection of cycling adherent cells is an effective approach for enrichment of MPCs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1460-1469
Number of pages10
JournalExperimental Hematology
Volume28
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000

Keywords

  • Bone marrow stroma
  • Mesenchymal stem cell
  • Murine
  • Osteogenic progenitors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Hematology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research

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