Self-Assembled Borophene/Graphene Nanoribbon Mixed-Dimensional Heterostructures

Qiucheng Li, Xiaolong Liu, Eden B. Aklile, Shaowei Li, Mark C. Hersam*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Atomically thin metal-semiconductor heterojunctions are highly desirable for nanoelectronic applications. However, coherent lateral stitching of distinct two-dimensional (2D) materials has traditionally required interfacial lattice matching and compatible growth conditions, which remains challenging for most systems. On the other hand, these constraints are relaxed in 2D/1D mixed-dimensional lateral heterostructures due to the increased structural degree of freedom. Here, we report the self-assembly of mixed-dimensional lateral heterostructures consisting of 2D metallic borophene and 1D semiconducting armchair-oriented graphene nanoribbons (aGNRs). With the sequential ultrahigh vacuum deposition of boron and 4,4″-dibromo-p-terphenyl as precursors on Ag(111) substrates, an on-surface polymerization process is systematically studied and refined including the transition from monomers to organometallic intermediates and finally demetallization that results in borophene/aGNR lateral heterostructures. High-resolution scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy resolve the structurally and electronically abrupt interfaces in borophene/aGNR heterojunctions, thus providing insight that will inform ongoing efforts in pursuit of atomically precise nanoelectronics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4029-4035
Number of pages7
JournalNano letters
Issue number9
StatePublished - May 12 2021


  • bottom-up synthesis
  • electronically abrupt heterointerface
  • nanoelectronics
  • scanning tunneling microscopy
  • scanning tunneling spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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