Self-consistent cluster calculation of binding energy and potential for positive muons in copper and copper-impurity systems

Changxin Guo*, Donald E Ellis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The binding energy, potential profile, and electronic structure for positive muons in copper are calculated with the use of a molecular-cluster model in the framework of the self-consistent local-density theory. Spin polarization was considered in calculations on finite clusters including Cu14 and an interstitial positive muon. Different positions of the muon along the body diagonal [111], and slightly displaced from the diagonal, covering the path between octahedral O to tetrahedral T sites were considered. Both the binding energy Etot(r) and the muon potential V(r) exhibit a double minimum, with the O site more stable. The effects of Cu vacancies and Ni impurities on the muon in copper are considered also. Binding-energy curves show the attraction of the Cu vacancy and Ni impurity for the muon. Valence-charge-density distribution profiles for different positions of a muon along the [111] direction in -Cu14, -Cu13, and -Ni-Cu13 clusters are calculated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5006-5014
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume31
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1985

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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