Semantic distance and the verification of semantic relations

Lance J. Rips, Edward J. Shoben, Edward E. Smith*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

525 Scopus citations

Abstract

Four experiments dealt with the verification of semantic relations. In Experiment I, subjects decided whether an instance was a member of a specified category. For some categories (for example, birds) verification was faster when the target category was a direct superordinate (bird) than a higher level superordinate (animal), while for another category (mammal) this finding reversed. Experiment II obtained ratings of semantic distance that accounted for the previously obtained verification results. Multidimensional scaling of the ratings suggested that semantic distance could be represented as Euclidean distance in a semantic space. Experiments III and IV indicated that semantic distance could predict RTs in another categorization task and choices in an analogies task. These results place constraints on a theory of semantic memory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1973

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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