Semi-Supervised Multi-Task Learning for Lung Cancer Diagnosis

Naji Khosravan, Ulas Bagci

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Early detection of lung nodules is of great importance in lung cancer screening. Existing research recognizes the critical role played by CAD systems in early detection and diagnosis of lung nodules. However, many CAD systems, which are used as cancer detection tools, produce a lot of false positives (FP) and require a further FP reduction step. Furthermore, guidelines for early diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer are consist of different shape and volume measurements of abnormalities. Segmentation is at the heart of our understanding of nodules morphology making it a major area of interest within the field of computer aided diagnosis systems. This study set out to test the hypothesis that joint learning of false positive (FP) nodule reduction and nodule segmentation can improve the computer aided diagnosis (CAD) systems' performance on both tasks. To support this hypothesis we propose a 3D deep multi-task CNN to tackle these two problems jointly. We tested our system on LUNA16 dataset and achieved an average dice similarity coefficient (DSC) of 91% as segmentation accuracy and a score of nearly 92% for FP reduction. As a proof of our hypothesis, we showed improvements of segmentation and FP reduction tasks over two baselines. Our results support that joint training of these two tasks through a multi-task learning approach improves system performance on both. We also showed that a semi-supervised approach can be used to overcome the limitation of lack of labeled data for the 3D segmentation task.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2018
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages710-713
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781538636466
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 26 2018
Externally publishedYes
Event40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2018 - Honolulu, United States
Duration: Jul 18 2018Jul 21 2018

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
Volume2018-July
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Other

Other40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2018
CountryUnited States
CityHonolulu
Period7/18/187/21/18

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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