Sensor Self-Report Alignment (SSRA): Reducing Sun Exposure Assessment Error

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In population and clinical-based studies, UV wearable sensors are increasingly being used to estimate UV exposure and time spent in physical activity outdoors, which is critical for understanding people's sun exposure behavior. This is particularly important in young adults at risk of developing melanoma as well as melanoma survivors, who want to continue engaging in outdoor activities which are a normal source of recreational physical activity. While wearable sensors provide objective and timely measures in free-living populations, self-report data are needed to provide important contextual information (e.g. sunscreen applied, clothing to protect from the sun) that improve our understanding of health behaviors. However, lack of proper time alignment between sensor and self-report data hinders analyses incorporating these data streams. We formulate this problem of alignment as a network flow graph and propose a Sensor Self-Report Alignment (SSRA) framework to fuse and align data from a chest-worn UV sensor, a hip-worn physical activity sensor, and a self-report. We performed a study on 40 participants (20 melanoma survivors, 20 young adults, who were first-degree relatives of melanoma survivors) who wore a chest-worn UV sensor and a hip-worn physical activity sensor for 7 consecutive summer days (total of 254 days assessed) and provided end-of-day self-reports of sun protection. The proposed SSRA framework provides a new approach to aligning sensor and self-report data, which results in significant changes in measures of time outdoors, as assessed by UV or physical activity sensors. This paper highlights the importance of using wearable sensors and alignment to self-report to reduce sun exposure assessment error, while laying the groundwork for integrating such a framework into population-based studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2020 IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications Workshops, PerCom Workshops 2020
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781728147161
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2020
Event2020 IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications Workshops, PerCom Workshops 2020 - Austin, United States
Duration: Mar 23 2020Mar 27 2020

Publication series

Name2020 IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications Workshops, PerCom Workshops 2020

Conference

Conference2020 IEEE International Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications Workshops, PerCom Workshops 2020
CountryUnited States
CityAustin
Period3/23/203/27/20

Keywords

  • alignment algorithm
  • mobile health
  • physical activity
  • self-report
  • sun exposure
  • wearable sensors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Instrumentation

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