Sensory-motor interactions and error augmentation

James L. Patton*, Felix Huang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Brain injury often results a partial loss of the neural resources communicating to the periphery that controls movements. Consequently the signals that were employed prior to injury may no longer be appropriate for controlling the muscles for the intended movement. Hence, a new pattern of signals may need to be learned that appropriately uses the residual resources. The learning required in these circumstances might in fact share features with sports, music performance, surgery, teleoperation, piloting, and child development. Our lab has leveraged key findings in neural adaptation as well as established principles in engineering control theory to develop and test new interactive environments that enhance learning (or relearning). Successful application comes from the use of robotics and video feedback technology to augment error signals. These applications test standing hypotheses about error-mediated neuroplasticity and illustrate an exciting prospect for rehabilitation environments of tomorrow. This chapter highlights our works, identifies our acquired knowledge, and outlines some of the successful pathways for restoring function to brain- injured individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNeurorehabilitation Technology, Second Edition
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages79-95
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9783319286037
ISBN (Print)9783319286013
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Feedforward control
  • Human
  • Learning
  • Motor control
  • Movement
  • Rehabilitation
  • Training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Health Professions(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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